“Samarkand is my favourite city in the world,” the man told me as he passed me a bowl of dried cheese balls. We were sitting next to the hotel pool where he had come to celebrate his friend’s birthday. “It is a very beautiful city, and we have good weather for most of the year.”

I nodded in agreement. Samarkand is indeed a stunning city. No other Silk Road city evokes as many images and legends as Samarkand, none has been written about as much.

But Uzbekistan is not only about Samarkand. Dive deeper, and you will find out that there are many more things to discover in this country.

#1 Marvel at the splendid buildings of Samarkand

Tourists visiting the Shah-i-Zinda Mausoleum in Samarkand

Okay, okay, I just said that Uzbekistan is not just about Samarkand. But hear me out.

Ask travellers which Uzbek city they like most and you will see that half of them prefer Bukhara while the other half likes Samarkand better. Me, personally, I would vote for Samarkand. The Registan is stunning by day and by night, you can see Timur’s mausoleum and learn about the country’s history in Ulugbek’s observatory.

And don’t forget the avenue of mausoleums, one of the most stunning examples of Silk Road architecture. Where else will you see as many blue-tiled buildings next to each other as here?

#2 Enjoy a cool drink while overlooking a pool in Bukhara

Lyabi-Hauz pool in Bukhara

Bukhara is another stunning example of Silk Road architecture. But while the madrassas and mosques are stunning to look at, the real pleasure comes from sitting at Lyabi-Hauz and enjoying a cool drink.

Bukhara used to have hundreds of public pools, water basins where the locals flocked to take a bath or fetch drinking water. These days, only a few of them remain. Lyabi-Hauz is the biggest one. Come here during the day to sit in the shade and enjoy a cool drink. Come in the evening to people-watch as this is where locals gather.

#3 Climb to the top of the Ark in Khiva

View of the old town of Khiva from a rooftop

If we talk about Silk Road cities, Khiva has to be mentioned along Bukhara and Samarkand. It is different in its layout, with all the sights clustered together in the old town, but it is just as stunning.

One of the big sights in Khiva is the Ark. Don’t forget to climb to its top. While the entrance to the top isn’t included in your 2-day ticket, it is worth paying for. You will get a great overview of the maze of the old town and can admire the architecture from a different angle.

#4 See the remains of the Aral Sea

Cows walking in front of an abandoned ship in the Aral Sea, Uzbekistan

The Aral Sea is considered to be the biggest man-made disaster in human history. Due to cotton irrigation, the sea has shrunken to a fraction of what it used to be.

Travel to Moynaq, an almost abandoned city that was once a thriving fishing town, and climb down to what used to be the bottom of the Aral Sea. There, amidst the rusty ships, the extent of the environmental disaster truly sinks in.

#5 Learn about Uzbekistan’s history in Ulugbek’s observatory

Part of Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand

Did you know that Ulugbek was one of the most important astronomers of all times? Besides being a brilliant scientist, he also was a ruler and played an important role in constructing madrassas and supporting research. The Registan was built during his time, too.

The observatory in Samarkand might be a little distance away from the city centre but is worth visiting if you want to have any idea of the important role that Uzbekistan once played.

#6 Enjoy a plate of plov at Tashkent’s Central Asian Plov Centre

A man cooking Plov at the Central Asian Plov Centre

Plov is one of the staples you will find everywhere along the Silk Road. It consists of rice and vegetables, often with meat added on top. Each country has its own variations, and each restaurant will once again serve you a different version.

The plov we had in Tashkent, at the Central Asian Plov Centre, was, without doubt, the best plov we’ve had in the whole of Central Asia. They prepare a giant pot from which they will serve you. Servings are huge, and you have the option to add horse meat if you like.

#7 Visit the Savitsky Art Museum in Nukus

The Savitsky Museum in Nukus houses the biggest collection of art banned by the Soviets. Nobody would ever expect more than 8.000 pieces of art in this sleepy town, which is probably the reason they were never found during the Soviet era. These days, the museum exhibits a selection, with the pictures on display being changed regularly, so no two visits to the museum will ever be the same.

#8 Marvel at the various weird exhibits in Khiva

Manufacture of silk carpets with several carpets in Khiva

Don’t get me wrong. Khiva is a stunning city. The architecture is amazing, the city can easily be explored on foot, and you only need to buy one entrance ticket to get into all of Khiva’s museums.

Some of the museums have stunning interiors or are historically significant. And then you will stumble upon others that are just bizarre. The Nature Museum, for example, with exhibits of a potato labelled ‘potato’. And don’t forget about the ugly sheep or the babies in a jar.

#9 Haggle at Uzbekistan’s bazaars

View of the Siyob Bazaar in Samarkand with people shopping

You cannot travel to Uzbekistan without going to a bazaar. No matter which city, you will always find a bazaar in or near the city centre. Walk across the different sections to take in the whole range of products, from dried nuts to raw meat and fresh noodles. Also, take a look at the fresh fruit. I paid less than a dollar for a whole cup of fresh raspberries.

#10 Explore the Fergana Valley

While I did not get a chance to go here, I wish I had. The Fergana Valley is a remote valley in Uzbekistan, a day’s drive away from Tashkent. The scenery is supposed to be stunning, and it is unlikely that you will stumble upon many other travellers here.

If you go, please let me know if you enjoyed it.

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Ilona is a world traveller passionate about sharing her experiences and giving advice to fellow travellers. Having visited over 70 countries, she is always excited about her next trip.


  1. Nice article, Ilona! I remember reading about the Aral Sea as a kid, but I had since totally forgotten about it. It’s almost unbelievable that something like that could happen.

    • Iloenchen Reply

      Thank you, Andrew! Yes, the Aral Sea is a disaster. Seeing those rusty ships made me realise just how easily we can destroy nature.

  2. Hi, am in Khiva now, and can’t find the Nature Museum. Do you have eiither a Google map reference or the local name of it that you could share so that I can find it please.

    Many thanks


    • Ilona Reply

      It’s in the Abdullaxon Madrassah. I searched for a long time on Google Maps, but I don’t think it’s on there, neither the Madrassah nor the museum. My pin from when I visited is approximately here: https://maps.app.goo.gl/o77qRM8D91CvExp36 The map shows an empty square in that place, but I think it has trouble displaying the maze that are the streets of Khiva.
      Enjoy your trip!

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